Women gained fewer US company board seats in 2022: Report

They continue to make gains, now holding a record 28% of important corporate positions on the Russell 3000 index of publicly traded companies


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Photo: AP
Photo: AP

Published: Fri 30 Sep 2022, 12:41 PM

US companies have added women to their boards of director at a slower pace this year,as compared with last year, as the pandemic and a difficult economy shift priorities, according to a new report released on Thursday.

Women have continued to make gains, now holding a record 28 per cent of board seats on the Russell 3000 index of publicly traded companies, according to an annual report by the advocacy organisation 50/50 Women on Boards, which used data from executive data firm Equilar.

Photo: 50/50 Women on Boards
Photo: 50/50 Women on Boards

That's a 2.4 per cent jump from the 25.6 per cent of seats held by women in 2021, but the pace was slower than the 3 per cent rise seen the previous year. During the first half of 2022, the share of new seats going to women declined by 8 percentage points, as compared to the preceding six months.

Companies have responded in recent years to pressure from politicians and investors to appoint more women and minorities to their boards, which continue to be overwhelmingly male and white.

Betsy Berkhemer-Credaire, chief executive officer of 50/50 Women on Boards, cited California's landmark law requiring a certain number of women on boards. However, this law was ruled unconstitutional by a Los Angeles judge in May, because it violated the right to equal treatment. Supporters have nonetheless credited it with bolstering the ranks of on-company boards in California and beyond.

California companies have the biggest representation of women directors in the country, at 34.1 per cent — a 4.8 per cent increase over 2021, according to the report. Companies in Washington state, which now have a similar law, have the second highest, at 30 per cent.

When comparing industries, energy and financial services companies had the fewest share of women on boards at 23 per cent and 26 per cent, respectively. Utilities had the most at 32 per cent.

Companies have increased their gender parity mostly by expanding their boards, rather than replacing men with women. Nearly two-thirds of the seats that went to women in 2022 were newly added positions, the report said.

The report noted that the slower pace of progress suggests companies are contending with competing priorities, including a volatile economy, the pandemic, and pressure to meet other social, environmental and governance goals (such as commitments to fight climate change).

Yet, Berkhemer-Credaire declared she was optimistic that companies remained on track to achieve gender equality in the near future. At the current pace, companies would achieve gender parity on their boards in 10 years.

“The numbers are increasing. That's important to note,” said Berkhemer-Credaire.

“I'm not discouraged at all."

Achieving racial diversity has proved more difficult, in part because it is has been difficult to get data on the number of minority directors.

In May, an Equilar study released its first racial breakdown of boards for Russell 3000 companies, sourcing disclosures from companies, data from affiliate networks, and lists of influential executives from racial and ethnic minorities. The survey found that only 6.2 per cent of directors were Black, and 5 per cent were of Asian or Pacific Islander descent. Just 2.7 per cent of directors were Hispanic.

Notably, only 27 per cent of directors serving on Russell 3000 companies self-report their race and ethnicity, according to the report from 50/50 Women on Boards. Of those, 16 per cent identified as people of colour in 2020, up from 12 per cent in 2021.

“More board members need to self-identify their racial backgrounds,” Berkhemer-Credaire said.

“If board members don't self-identify ... the statistics of percentages are not as accurate as they could be."


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