Syria Kurds retake prison, ending six-day Daesh attack

The brazen jailbreak attempt and ensuing clashes left more than 180 dead



By AFP

Published: Wed 26 Jan 2022, 9:39 PM

Kurdish forces on Wednesday retook full control of a prison in northeast Syria where Daesh militants had been holed up since attacking it six days earlier.

The brazen Daesh jailbreak attempt and ensuing clashes left more than 180 dead in the militants’ most high-profile military operation since the loss of their “caliphate” nearly three years ago.

Ghwayran prison in the city of Hasakeh was thought to hold around 3,500 Daesh inmates when the initial attack was first launched on January 20 with explosives-laden vehicles steered by suicide bombers.

The Kurdish authorities have insisted no inmates escaped from the compound but the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights monitoring group has said significant numbers were sprung.

In a statement, Farhad Shami of the Kurdish-led Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) said days of operations had “culminated with our entire control” over the prison after all holdout Daesh fighters had surrendered.

With US and other foreign forces stepping in to support Kurdish elite units, the neighbourhood around the prison was secured and the besieged militants inside the prison started turning themselves in.

The SDF — the semi-autonomous Kurdish administration’s de-facto army — had said earlier Wednesday that around 1,000 Daesh inmates had surrendered.

The Observatory confirmed that the attack was over, after nearly six full days that turned the largest city in northeast Syria into a war zone.

Thousands of Hasakeh residents were forced to leave their homes after at least 100 Daesh fighters stormed the facility last Thursday, in their biggest show of force in years.

In one mosque located at a safe distance from the chaos, hundreds of women and children were huddled together in the biting winter cold.

“We want to go back home,” said Maya, a 38-year-old mother trying in vain to pacify her youngest, adding that “there is no bread, water or sugar here.”

Fighting in and around the prison since Thursday has killed 181 people, including 124 Daesh militants, 50 Kurdish fighters and seven civilians, according to the Observatory.

That death toll could rise, however, as Kurdish forces and medical services gain access to all parts of the prison following the end of the attack.

A tense stand-off has gripped the prison in recent days, with Kurdish forces and their Daesh foes aware they were facing either a bloodbath or talks to end the fighting.

Kurdish forces had cut off food and water to the jail for two days to pressure holdout jihadists to give themselves up, the Observatory said.

The SDF has been reluctant to refer to talks between them and Daesh fighters, and it remains unclear exactly what led to the end of the attack.

Observatory head Rami Abdel Rahman said a Syrian Daesh militant had negotiated with Kurdish forces to end the stand-off and secure medical care for wounded jihadists.

Since Monday, Kurdish forces had freed at least 32 prison staff, some of whom appeared in video footage that Daesh had shared on social media after launching the attack.

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Ghwayran is the prison with the largest number of suspected IS members in Syria, and many, from Kurdish officials to Western observers, have warned the jailbreak should serve as a wake-up call.

Kurdish authorities say more than 50 nationalities are represented in Kurdish-run prisons holding more than 12,000 Daesh suspects.

“This is a global problem that requires many nations to come together to develop an enduring long-term solution,” the US-led coalition said in a statement following Wednesday’s announcement.

“The makeshift prisons throughout Syria are a breeding ground” for Daesh, the coalition added, calling for thorough investigations into the circumstances behind the attack.

The Kurdish administration has long warned it does not have the capacity to hold, let alone put on trial, all the Daesh fighters captured in years of operations.

“We cannot face it alone,” the administration’s top foreign policy official, Abdulkarim Omar, told AFP on Wednesday.

He called on the international community to “support the autonomous administration to improve security and humanitarian conditions for inmates in detention centres and for those in overcrowded camps”.

The proto-state declared by Daesh in 2014 once straddled large parts of Iraq and Syria.

After five years of military operations conducted by local and international forces, its last rump was eventually flushed out on the banks of the Euphrates in eastern Syria in March 2019.


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