Israeli-Palestinian peace moves since 1993

JERUSALEM — Israel and the Palestinians have been invited to resume direct talks in Washington on September 2, US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton said on Friday, renewing a peace process suspended in December 2008.



By (AFP)

Published: Fri 20 Aug 2010, 10:16 PM

Last updated: Mon 6 Apr 2015, 5:50 AM

Here is a chronology of peace moves to end the Israeli-Palestinian conflict since the 1993 Oslo autonomy accords launched the Middle East peace process:

1993:

Sept 13: Israel and the PLO sign a Declaration of Principles on autonomy after months of secret negotiations in Oslo, launching the peace process.

1994:

May 4: Israeli prime minister Yitzhak Rabin and Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat sign an autonomy accord in Cairo.

1995:

Sept 28: The parties sign Oslo II, extending Palestinian autonomy in the West Bank.

1998:

Oct 23: The Wye interim agreement outlines steps for an Israeli withdrawal from 13 percent of the West Bank.

2000:

July 11-25: US president Bill Clinton hosts talks with Arafat and Israeli premier Ehud Barak at Camp David that end in failure over the issue of Jerusalem and the Palestinian refugees.

2001:

Jan 21: Palestinian and Israeli negotiators begin marathon talks in the Egyptian border town of Taba aimed at reviving the peace process, but the negotiations end without agreement.

2003:

April 30: Publication of a peace “roadmap” by the Middle East Quartet of diplomats that calls for the creation of a Palestinian state by 2005.

June 4: Roadmap officially launched by Bush, Israeli prime minister Ariel Sharon and newly elected Palestinian prime minister Mahmud Abbas at a summit in Aqaba, Jordan.

Dec 1: The Geneva Initiative, an unofficial peace accord drawn up by left-wing Israelis and a group of Palestinians, is unveiled in Switzerland.

2004:

Nov 11: Arafat dies in Paris.

2005:

Feb 2: Sharon and Abbas, now elected as Palestinian leader, meet in Egypt’s Red Sea resort of Sharm el-Sheikh where they declare an end to hostilities.

Sept 12: Israel completes the withdrawal of all Jewish settlers from the Gaza Strip, ending 38 years of occupation.

2006:

Jan 25: The Islamist movement Hamas, which opposes any peace agreement with Israel, scores surprise triumph in Palestinian legislative election.

June: Hamas seizes control of the Gaza Strip after ousting secular forces loyal to Abbas.

2007:

Nov 27: Abbas and Israeli prime minister Ehud Olmert formally restart negotiations after a seven-year freeze at a conference in Annapolis, Maryland.

2008:

Dec 27: Israel begins a devastating 22-day military operation in Gaza in a bid to halt militant rocket attacks, prompting the Palestinians to suspend all contacts.

2009:

June 14: Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu accepts for the first time the idea of a Palestinian state, but demilitarised and with limited sovereignty.

2010:

March 11: Planned indirect talks collapse over a bitter row about Jewish settlements in annexed east Jerusalem.

May 8: The PLO backs a new round of “proximity talks” with the aim of relaunching the peace process.

May 10: Israel vows settlement building will continue in east Jerusalem, infuriating the Palestinians.

May 31: Netanyahu cancels a planned visit to Washington after a naval raid on a Gaza-bound aid flotilla kills nine Turkish activists.

June 4: US envoy George Mitchell completes a round of indirect talks which the State Department calls “constructive and substantive.”

June 10: US President Barack Obama pledges unwavering commitment to forging significant progress this year, despite the furore over Israel’s deadly May 31 naval raid.

June 19: Mitchell wraps up another regional tour.

July 6: Obama hosts Netanyahu for a White House summit.

July 15: Mitchell starts a sixth round of shuttle diplomacy.

July 26: Abbas says he was ready for direct negotiations.

July 29: Arab foreign ministers meeting in Cairo agree in principle to direct peace talks but left the decision to Abbas.

Aug 11: Mitchell returns to Washington after his latest mission ends with lingering Palestinian hesitation to resuming direct talks.

Aug 20: US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton announces that Israel and the Palestinians are invited to resume direct peace talks in Washington on September 2, hosted by US President Barack Obama with Jordan’s King Abdullah II and Egypt’s President Hosni Mubarak also attending.

The Middle East diplomatic Quartet says the talks on a treaty establishing an independent Palestinian state can be wrapped up in one year.


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