Syria's Kurds battle Turkish invasion
Tall Tamr (Syria) - Syrian Kurdish forces lost 11,000 personnel and played a key role in the years-long battle to eliminate the Daesh group in the region.
Syria's Kurds battled to hold off a Turkish invasion on Thursday as thousands of civilians fled air strikes and shelling that deepened fears of a humanitarian crisis.
US President Donald Trump tried to justify the de facto green light he gifted his Turkish counterpart Recep Tayyip Erdogan for an assault seen as a blatant betrayal of Washington's erstwhile Kurdish allies.
Syrian Kurdish forces lost 11,000 personnel and played a key role in the years-long battle to eliminate the Daesh group in the region.
In scenes all too familiar since the start of Syria's war more than eight years ago, civilians were seen abandoning their homes on Thursday, in vehicles or on foot with their belongings on their backs.
"We're heading to the countryside because we're scared of renewed bombing and intensified clashes," said Rizan Mohammed.
"We no longer feel safe," added the 33-year-old, who was fleeing the Kurdish-majority city of Qamishli with this family after it was hit by Turkish artillery attacks on Wednesday.
The broad offensive - which Erdogan dubbed "Operation Peace Spring" - drew international outrage and warnings, including from within Trump's own camp.
After launching the assault with air strikes and intense artillery fire, the Turkish military and its Syrian proxies crossed the border into Kurdish-controlled areas. On Thursday, Turkish jets carried out fresh strikes, the Observatory and a Kurdish military official said.
Fighting broke out in several locations along the roughly 120km-wide front where operations are focused, the sources said.
Turkish forces and allied rebels captured seven villages in the area, the Observatory said.
Fighting mostly centred around Tal Abyad - one of the main Kurdish-controlled towns in the area where Ankara wants to set up a buffer zone stretching some 30km into Syria.
Clashes also raged around Ras Al Ain further west, the other main town in the zone that Turkish media reports say is the first goal of the offensive.
According to the Observatory, which relies on a network of sources in Syria, at least 23 SDF fighters and nine civilians have been killed since the start of Turkey's operation.
On the other side of the border, five people including a baby were reported to have been killed and dozens injured in Kurdish shelling on Turkish border towns. Journalists saw fighters crossing into Syria in dozens of vehicles.
Erdogan wants a buffer zone in which to send back some of the 3.6 million Syrian refugees his country hosts. He warned the European Union on Thursday that the alternative if it criticised Turkey's military offensive was to allow the refugees to head to its shores instead.
"If you try to frame our operation there as an invasion... we will open the doors and send 3.6 million migrants to you," Erdogan said in a speech to the Turkish parliament.
Fourteen humanitarian organisations, including the Norwegian Refugee Council and Mercy Corps, issued a joint warning that hundreds of thousands of people were in danger.
"An estimated 450,000 people live within five kilometres of the Syria-Turkey border and are at risk if all sides do not exercise maximum restraint and prioritise the protection of civilians," a joint statement said.
The SDF - which have little armour and no air force - are unlikely to hold out very long against Turkish firepower in the flat and open terrain along the border.
"The question that remains is how far can Turkey advance before international or regional actors, stop it," said Nick Heras, an analyst at the Centre for a New American Security.
The assault had seemed almost inevitable after Trump announced on Sunday that the US troops deployed in the area were pulling back from the border.
The withdrawal was implemented the next day, effectively clearing the way for Turkey to move in.
Trump has since tried to weather the international and domestic backlash, warning he would "wipe out" Turkey's economy if the operation was not conducted "in as humane a way as possible".