Reporting domestic violence in UAE: Essential contacts and knowing your rights

Violators of victim protection orders face jail terms and fines up to Dh10,000 or both penalties


Ajanta Paul

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Published: Sun 31 Dec 2023, 6:00 AM

Last updated: Sun 31 Dec 2023, 11:53 PM

In the quest to build a society that cherishes the well-being of every individual, the UAE stands at the forefront, acknowledging the need to address and combat the issue of domestic violence.

In 2019, the UAE launched the Family Protection Policy, which seeks to strengthen social ties in families and communities. The Policy caters to protect women, children, elderly and people of determination from abuse and exploitation by other family members.

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Domestic violence as defined in Article (3) [of of Federal Law Decree N (10) of 2019] where this decree came as protection and deterrence to all practices harmful to the family from any family member against one another of and afflicting physical, mental, sexual or material damage.

Further Federal Decree Law no. 10/2019, under Article 5 lists out the actions that shall be deem as domestic violence, such as:

  • Physical abuse
  • Psychological/mental abuse
  • Sexual abuse
  • Material / financial abuse

Domestic crimes apply to:

  • Husband, wife, children, grand children
  • Step children
  • Parents of either husband or wife
  • Relatives via marriage, affiliation to the fourth degree.
  • Persons covered by the custody of an alternative family

Right to report

Victims in the UAE have the right to report incidents to police in their respective emirates, petition the court for a protective order against their assailant, avail themselves of medical and counselling services, secure legal representation, and pursue compensation for damages. It is crucial for individuals facing domestic abuse to be informed about their rights and to seek assistance when experiencing such violence.

The authorities encourage individuals to speak up against this scourge in the society. If you come to know of domestic violence somewhere, or are suffering from domestic violence, report it through one of the following channels. This article will serve as a guide to readers on how and to whom one should report domestic violence in the UAE.

The following are the numbers of Family Violence Complaints Authorities in the UAE:

AuthorityEmiratePhone No.E-mail
Ministry of Interior Center for Child ProtectionAbu Dhabi /
Ministry of Interior - Social Support CenterSharjah /
Ministry of Interior - Social Support CenterAjman /
Ministry of Interior - Social Support CenterUmm Al Quwain /
Ministry of Interior - Social Support CenterRas Al Khaimah /
Ministry of Interior - Social Support CenterFujairah /
Ministry of Community DevelopmentDubai / Federal800623 / /
Ministry of Education - Child Protection UnitDubai /
Emirates Foundation for School EducationDubai /
Community Development DepartmentAbu Dhabi / Local026967706/
Abu Dhabi PoliceAbu Dhabi /
Abu Dhabi Center for Shelter and Humanitarian CareAbu Dhabi /
Family Welfare AuthorityAbu Dhabi - Al Ain /
Community Development AuthorityDubai /
Dubai Foundation for Women and Children CareDubai /
Al Ameen ServiceDubai / Local042097777 /
Child and Women Protection Department - General Department of Human Rights at Dubai PoliceDubai /
Social Services Department / Child and Family Protection CenterSharjah /
Protection Foundation for Women and ChildrenAjman/

Victim protection:

The legislator gave the Public Prosecution the authority to issue a protection order on its own or at the request of the victim to deter the violent action:

  1. Obligation not to be exposed to the defendant
  2. Not to approach the places designated for the protection of the defendant or any other place mentioned in the protection order.
  3. Do not damage the defendant’s personal property or of any of his relatives.
  4. Enable the victim or whoever delegates to collect his personal belongings.
  5. Any further measures, Public Prosecution thinks relevant for the protection order would ensure effective protection to the defendant or to any other person likely to be harmed because of their connection.

The duration of the protection order specified by the law with a minimum of thirty days (30) and sixty days (60) maximum. The period may be extended for two similar periods of no more than 60 days, and if the period referred to has elapsed the protection order is extended by a decision of the competent court for a period not to exceed six months and each of the aggressor and the defendant may file a grievance within 7 days of its issuance before the competent court.

Penalties for violating protection order

Under the Domestic Violence Law, any person who commits domestic violence actions will be liable for penalties.

1- The penalty within this decree ranged between imprisonment for a period of three to six months and a fine between Dh1,000 to 10,000 or both penalties in case the offender violated the protection order.

The penalty is doubled in case of violation of this protection order using any kind of violence against any of the covered by the provisions of this law decree.

2- He shall be punished with a penalty of imprisonment for a period not exceeding six months and a fine of no more than Dh5,000 or one of the two penalties to whoever commits any of the domestic violence that is “Physical, psychological, sexual or material abuse”.

3- The decree also referred criminal acts to the provisions of law N (3) of 1987 relating to the penalties.

The court approves the doubling of the penalty in the event that the perpetrator repeats the act of domestic violence within one year.


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