Rest of Asia

Taleban claim to control 85% of Afghanistan

Filed on July 9, 2021
Photo: AFP

The Taleban said fighters had seized the border town of Islam Qala — completing an arc of territory from the Iranian border to the frontier with China.

The Taleban claimed Friday to be in control of 85 percent of Afghanistan, including a key border crossing with Iran, following a sweeping offensive launched as US troops pull out of the war-torn nation.

Hours after President Joe Biden issued a staunch defence of the US withdrawal, the Taleban said fighters had seized the border town of Islam Qala — completing an arc of territory from the Iranian border to the frontier with China.

In Moscow, a visiting delegation of Taleban officials said they controlled about 250 of Afghanistan’s 398 districts — a claim impossible to independently verify and disputed by the government.

Separately, Taleban spokesman Zabihullah Mujahid told AFP the Islam Qala border crossing was “under our full control”, while government officials in Kabul said a fightback was under way.

“All Afghan security forces including the border units are present in the area, and efforts are under way to recapture the site,” interior ministry spokesman Tareq Arian told AFP.

Hours earlier, Biden said the US military mission would end on August 31 — nearly 20 years after it began — having “achieved” its goals.

But he admitted it was “highly unlikely” Kabul would be able to control the entire country.

“The status quo is not an option,” Biden said of staying in the country. “I will not send another generation of Americans to war in Afghanistan.”

With the Taleban having routed much of northern Afghanistan in recent weeks, the government holds little more than a constellation of provincial capitals that must be largely reinforced and resupplied by air.

The air force was under severe strain even before the Taleban’s lightning offensive overwhelmed the government’s northern and western positions, putting further pressure on the country’s limited aircraft and pilots.

Biden said the Afghan people alone should determine their future, but he acknowledged the uncertainty about what that would look like.

Asked if a Taleban takeover was inevitable, the president said: “No, it is not.”

But, he admitted, “the likelihood there is going to be one unified government in Afghanistan controlling the whole country is highly unlikely”.

The Taleban, for their part, welcomed Biden’s statement.

“Any day or hour that US and foreign troops leave earlier is a positive step,” spokesman Suhail Shaheen told AFP.

Afghan commandos clashed with the insurgents this week in a provincial capital for the first time, with thousands of people fleeing Qala-i-Naw in northwest Badghis province.

On Friday the Afghan defence ministry said government forces had “full control” of the city.

“(The Taleban) were being hit by air strikes as they were retreating from the city,” Badghis provincial council chief Abdul Aziz Bek told AFP.

“They have retreated from the city and the fighting has stopped inside for now.”

President Ashraf Ghani said the government could handle the situation, but admitted difficulties lay ahead.

“What we are witnessing is one of the most complicated stages of the transition,” he said in a speech in Kabul on Thursday.

The Taleban have been emboldened by the troop withdrawal and — with peace talks in Doha deadlocked — appear to be pressing for a full military victory.

Still, on Thursday Shaheen, who is also a member of the Taleban negotiating team in Doha, insisted the insurgents were seeking a “negotiated settlement”.

“We do not believe in monopoly of power,” he said.

In Moscow, a Russian foreign ministry spokeswoman said the Taleban controlled about two-thirds of the Afghan-Tajik border as a delegation from the insurgents wound up a visit.

Some “85 per cent of Afghanistan’s territory” was under the group’s control, said Taleban delegate Shahabuddin Delawar.

This week more than 1,000 Afghan troops fled into Tajikistan in the face of a Taleban onslaught.

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