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Six killed in Myanmar, UN condemns violence

AFP/Myaing
Filed on March 11, 2021
AFP

Death toll climbs to more than 60 in the post-coup crackdown on protesters.

Six protesters were killed in Myanmar on Thursday as the United Nations condemned the growing violence against anti-coup demonstrations.

International pressure has been building steadily since the military ousted and detained civilian leader Aung San Suu Kyi on February 1, triggering daily protests across the country.

More than 2,000 people have been arrested and the death toll has climbed to more than 60 in the post-coup crackdown.

In central Myanmar's Myaing township, six people were killed on Thursday as security forces cracked down on a protest.

"Six men were shot dead while eight people were wounded — with one man in critical condition," a rescue worker told AFP.

A witness told AFP five of them were shot in the head.

The UN Security Council unanimously agreed on a statement Wednesday condemning the Myanmar military's use of violence against peaceful protesters.

It was the second time in just over a month that the council's 15 members, including China -- a traditional ally of Myanmar's generals -- made a rare show of unity over the crisis.

"Now it's time for de-escalation. It's time for diplomacy. It's time for dialogue," said Zhang Jun, China's UN ambassador.

The United States also applied fresh pressure with sanctions against two adult children of junta leader General Min Aung Hlaing.

And the Asian Development Bank announced it had temporarily suspended funding for government projects in Myanmar "as the international community assesses the evolving situation".

In the Sanchaung township in Yangon, Myanmar's commercial hub, people had another sleepless night as security forces raided apartments searching for lost police weapons.

"They used sound bombs on every street," said one resident.

"We are asking friends who are outside of their homes not to come back here tonight because of the situation."

Sanchaung has been a flashpoint of tensions all week.

On Monday night, security forces sealed off a block of streets, confining around 200 anti-coup protesters before searching apartments.

Many enemies

State-run newspaper the Mirror on Thursday carried an announcement that the Arakan Army (AA) -- which fights for more autonomy for the ethnic Rakhine population in northern Rakhine state -- was no longer considered a terrorist organisation.

The AA has been locked in battle with the military for nearly two years in a conflict that has left hundreds killed and forced some 200,000 civilians to flee their homes.

Herve Lemahieu, a Myanmar expert from Australia's Lowy Institute, said the move was likely because the military -- known as the Tatmadaw -- wanted to end the distraction of fighting the AA so it could focus on the protests.

"The Tatmadaw has many enemies, they don't want to operate on too many fronts at once and the most pressing front at this point in time is against the ethnic Burman majority in the major urban centres," he told AFP.

Another part of Yangon, North Okkalapa, was also reeling after 300 arrests on Wednesday, according to the Assistance Association for Political Prisoners monitoring group.

"One person was shot with live ammunition during the crackdown and is in a critical condition," the monitoring group said.

Battlefield weapons

A United States Senate committee heard emotional testimony on Wednesday from London-based Myanmar activist Wai Hnin Pwint Thon, the daughter of veteran pro-democracy leader Mya Aye, who was arrested in the days after the February 1 coup.

Her father was one of the leaders of the 88 Generation, a veteran pro-democracy group that came of age during an uprising against junta rule in 1988.

Her first memory of her father was seeing him through the bars of a jail cell.

"I am heartbroken and angry at the same time that so many children will now have to go through what I went through, growing up without a parent, not knowing if or when they will ever be freed," she said.

"This has to stop."

An Amnesty International report on Thursday accused the military of using "battlefield weapons" on unarmed protesters and carrying out premeditated killings orchestrated by their commanding officers.

The rights group catalogued the security forces' use of firearms that are "completely inappropriate for use in policing protests", including light machine guns, sniper rifles and semi-automatic rifles.

The military has defended its takeover citing voting irregularities in November elections, won by Suu Kyi's National League of Democracy party.





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