Leading Afghan TV network still on air despite fear of Taliban
Taliban have yet to issue any formal directives to the media
As Taliban fighters entered Kabul on the evening of August 15, executives at Afghanistan's biggest independent TV network had a tough decision to make: stay on air or go dark.
Tolo kept broadcasting, but like the rest of the country's TV and radio stations, it now faces a tough and uncertain future under the Taliban, whose return has sent fear coursing through the media.
During their 1996-2001 regime, TV and most entertainment were banned, and there was no media to speak of.
The Taliban takeover "put us in a very, very difficult situation... to continue our work or not," Lotfullah Najafizada, the director of Tolo News, told AFP in a phone interview.
"As a 24/7 news operation, we didn't even have one hour to take a break and rethink."
Tolo stayed on because it had a duty to cover the news, he said, and also because it would have been an "almost impossible" task to negotiate a resumption with the Taliban had the network shut down.
The Taliban leadership has asked Afghan media to operate as usual.
One official even sat down for an interview with a woman host on Tolo News, keen to convince people that the Taliban will be softer this time around.
But many Afghans, including in the media, are not convinced.
"We're scared, I'll be honest with you, we are nervous," Saad Mohseni, CEO of Tolo's parent company Moby Group, told the Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ).
"Everyone is having sleepless nights, but what the viewer is experiencing is not that different."
The Taliban victory has plunged Afghanistan's independent media into crisis.
Around 100 privately owned outlets have suspended operations, according to watchdog Reporters Without Borders (RSF).
The Pajhwok news agency said many shut down because of the financial crunch caused by the takeover. RSF said only 76 women journalists are still working for outlets in the Afghan capital -- a huge drop from the 700 reported last year.
The cataclysmic changes follow two decades of explosive growth for independent Afghan media.
The Taliban have yet to issue any formal directives to the media, and outlets have mainly relied on self-censorship to avoid upsetting the Islamists.
Some are also planning for contingencies.
The Moby Group is considering options to operate from overseas if there is a crackdown on Tolo.
Meanwhile, the company is on a hiring spree to try and fill the gap left by the dozens of staff who left after the fall of Kabul.
"The sad thing is to lose this much capacity, to see a generation of people who we've invested in, who could have done so much for the country, being forced to leave," Mohseni told the CPJ.
"This brain drain will take us another two decades to build that sort of capacity, sadly."
Taliban have yet to issue any formal directives to the media READ MORE
The second-longest river in the continent is dropping to its lowest... READ MORE
This is the athlete's second medal at the sporting event READ MORE
Travellers from these countries will have to spend 14 days in... READ MORE
Bangalore, still chasing their maiden title, began strongly this year ... READ MORE
The decision follows the announcement of a decreased Covid-19... READ MORE
The world fair has several of its pavilions designed with children... READ MORE
A trailblazing tourist trip to orbit ends with a splashdown in the... READ MORE