The gatherings were carefully orchestrated, with civil servants and schoolchildren given time off to participate. Despite the largely low-key mood, a new poll indicated an overwhelming majority supports President Mahmoud Abbas’ quest for UN recognition of a state in the West Bank, Gaza and east Jerusalem, the areas Israel captured in the 1967 Mideast War.
Some said they were dismayed by the US pledge to block the Palestinians, if necessary by a veto in the UN Security Council. In Ramallah, the crowd cheered when a masked youth on a stage burned a US flag before being led away by Palestinian security forces.
‘We want to live in dignity,’ said Atallah Wahbeh, a 60-year-old shopkeeper in Ramallah. He said it was important that the UN recognize a Palestinian state, even if there are repercussions, such as a possible cut in American aid.
‘We don’t need the Americans to buy us with money,’ he said.
Near Karnei Shomron, a Jewish settlement in the northern West Bank, an assailant fired on an Israeli car, causing damage but no injuries, the Israeli military said.
Nearby, Palestinians threw rocks at an Israeli car, injuring a baby girl, the military said.
The rallies were held far from possible friction points with Israeli troops, though in two locations small groups of young men broke away and threw rocks and firebombs at Israeli troops.
Israeli soldiers responded by firing tear gas and sending undercover forces into the crowd. Live TV broadcasts showed Israeli soldiers in civilian clothes arresting Palestinians who were throwing rocks. Palestinian medics said five protesters were injured, including one who was hit in the eye.
Abbas has called for peaceful marches in support of statehood, and Israeli security officials have scaled back forecasts of widespread violence.
Abbas is to address the UN General Assembly later this week and request full UN membership. With peace talks deadlocked for the past three years, the Palestinians believe a strong international endorsement will improve their position in future negotiations.
Israel and the US say a Palestinian state can be established only through negotiations.
‘We went to the UN because we are tired of negotiations for the sake of negotiations,’ Abbas aide Tayeb Abdel Rahim told the rally in Ramallah.
The new poll found that 83 percent of Palestinians believe Abbas’ recognition quest is a good idea, even though nearly as many — 78 percent — expect it will make their daily lives more difficult. The survey, conducted last week by the independent Palestinian Center for Policy and Survey Research, included 1,200 respondents and had an error margin of 3 percentage points.
The UN bid is seen by many Palestinians as a last option after two uprisings and two decades of on-and-off negotiations with Israel failed to produce a state, said pollster Khalil Shikaki.
Two-thirds of Palestinians favor peaceful protests, while one-third says the Palestinians should resume armed struggle, according to Shikaki’s poll.
Still, some worried about possible repercussions from the US or Israel. Members of Congress have threatened to cut hundreds of millions of dollars in US aid to the Palestinians.
Palestinians fear Israeli troops could tighten West Bank checkpoints or that Israel could suspend the transfer of tax funds it collects on behalf of the Palestinians.
‘Now the Israelis will have more reasons to send us back from checkpoints, to tell us ‘go back to your state’,’ said Mahmoud Khalil, a 30-year-old from Ramallah.
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