The court also indicted six more co-accused of murder. They included former city police officer (CPO) of Rawalpindi Saud Aziz, the then SP Khurram Shahzad, Hasnain Gul, Rafaqat Hussain, Sher Zaman and Abdul Rasheed respectively
The ATC judge Habibur Rehman granted plea by Musharraf who was produced in the court amidst tight security during Tuesday’s hearing of the case, to exempt him from personal appearance for security reasons.
A challan was read out against the former president and six others nominated in Benazir murder case during the hearing.
The indictment of the army chief who seized power in a 1999 coup — once Pakistan’s most powerful man — was almost an unthinkable event in a country ruled by the military for half of its 66-year history.
Benazir died in a suicide gun and bomb attack in December 2007 after a campaign rally in Rawalpindi.
“He should be tried,” the public prosecutor, Mohammed Azhar, told reporters after a brief hearing during which the three charges of murder, conspiracy to murder and facilitation of murder were read out to Musharraf.
The case has shattered an unwritten rule that the top military brass are untouchable as the South Asian country tries to shake off the legacy of decades of military rule under the new government of Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif.
It was Musharraf who toppled Sharif’s government in the 1999 coup, and memories of that time are still fresh in the current administration. Sharif was sentenced to life in jail by Musharraf but was eventually allowed to go into exile.
Security was tight in Rawalpindi — the seat of Pakistan’s military headquarters — after a previous hearing on August 6 was delayed due to threats to Musharraf’s life. The Pakistani Taleban have on many occasions threatened to kill him.
Hundreds of policemen were deployed along the main road leading to the court as well as on rooftops as Musharraf’s car arrived. Journalists were not allowed in the court room for the hearing which lasted about 20 minutes.
Musharraf, who turned 70 on August 11, made no public remarks as he arrived but denied all the charges against him once inside the court room, a lawyer from his defence team said. “All the cases against Musharraf are fabricated. He denied all the charges,” said Afshan Adil, the lawyer. The next hearing was set for August 27.
The court ordered the authorities to produce all the defendants in a hearing fixed for August 27 as it subsequently adjourned the matter to the said date for evidence to be brought.
Following the adjournment, the former president returned to his Chak Shahzad residence, which has been declared sub-jail.
Observers believe it is still possible Musharraf would be allowed to go back into exile in a face-saving solution.
Imtiaz Gul, an independent security analyst, said the indictment might be profoundly symbolic but there was still little chance of Musharraf actually being convicted. “Legally, it means it will be a long drawn-out case because it will be very difficult if not impossible to prove the direct involvement of Musharraf,” Gul said.
Gul said the army — which would not comment on Tuesday’s indictment — had tried to warn Musharraf about the legal dangers he faced before he decided to return from exile this year to contest a May election.
Nevertheless, there would be many former colleagues angry to see their old boss dragged through the courts.
Benazir was killed weeks after she returned to Pakistan from years in self-imposed exile.
A UN commission of inquiry said in a 2010 report Pakistan failed to properly protect Benazir or investigate how she died. At the time, the government blamed Pakistani Taleban militants. Musharraf has said he warned her of the danger she faced.
Musharraf himself came back to Pakistan this year hoping to contest the election after nearly four years of self-imposed exile. Instead, he was disqualified and became enmeshed in a thicket of legal cases going back to his near 10-year rule.
Musharraf’s lawyers have asked the court to exempt their client from having to appear for the hearings in person due to security threats. A similar request was filed over a separate murder case in a court in the volatile province of Balochistan.
“Security agencies have warned (us) against serious threats to Musharraf’s life”, Ahmed Raza Kasuri, who heads the Musharraf defence team, said.
(With inputs from Reuters)
The system is in line with the country’s climate adaptation programme with a people-centred approach
Global aviation passengers numbers to exceed pre-pandemic levels next year
Country's PMI reaches 57 in November