The water tanker drivers who keep 'India's Silicon Valley' Bengaluru going

The India's tech hub has lost 79% of its bodies of water and 88% of its green cover over 40 years, while areas covered by concrete have increased 11-fold

By Reuters

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Basavaraj, a water tanker driver, fills his truck with water from a borewell, before delivering it to customers in Bengaluru on April 22, 2024. — Reuters
Basavaraj, a water tanker driver, fills his truck with water from a borewell, before delivering it to customers in Bengaluru on April 22, 2024. — Reuters

Published: Tue 14 May 2024, 2:36 PM

Last updated: Tue 14 May 2024, 2:37 PM

Basavaraj, a water tanker driver in India's tech hub Bengaluru, has to leave home by 6:30 a.m. each day to collect enough water for his customers, who now depend on his services for a very basic need.

Residents of the southern city of 14 million people, capital of Karnataka state and often called "India's Silicon Valley", have been reeling due to water shortages amid unusually hot weather.


The 22-year-old fills up his tanker at a man-made pool fed by four boreholes in the north of the city, then does rounds of four or five buildings whose residents are his regular customers.

A mobile phone case lies on the ground after the water dried out from the Nallurahalli Lake, located in Bengaluru, which is facing water shortages. — Reuters
A mobile phone case lies on the ground after the water dried out from the Nallurahalli Lake, located in Bengaluru, which is facing water shortages. — Reuters

The pool's owner Nandish says he can supply fewer tankers now.


"Around 40 tankers used to come here every day earlier but now only about 15-20 come as water from the bore wells has also reduced," he said.

Once dotted by lakes and forest cover, Bengaluru has lost 79% of its bodies of water and 88% of its green cover over 40 years, while areas covered by concrete have increased 11-fold, according to the Indian Institute of Science.

Daisy, a 60-year-old housewife, speaks on a phone at her house in Bengaluru. — Reuters
Daisy, a 60-year-old housewife, speaks on a phone at her house in Bengaluru. — Reuters

With summer yet to reach its peak, water tanker dealers began charging some residents almost double the amount per tanker, forcing the state government to cap prices at 1,200 rupees ($14) per unit - triggering a brief strike by some water tank providers.

A boy carrying empty water containers walks along a street in Bengaluru. — Reuters
A boy carrying empty water containers walks along a street in Bengaluru. — Reuters

Daisy, 60, lives close to Basavaraj and next to a privately owned borehole supplying water locally for free. The water is purified for drinking, and the waste water is drained out, but even that liquid is in demand now.

"We had to fight with the owner of the borewell to give us waste water," Daisy said. "We use it to wash dishes and clothes."



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