Tears, protests 10 years since Bangladesh factory tragedy

Workers demand justice for 1,130 people who lost their lives in one of the world's worst industrial disasters

By AFP

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Victims of the Rana Plaza garments factory tragedy stage a hunger strike on its 10th anniversary at the site where the building once stood in Savar on the outskirts of Dhaka on Monday. — AFP
Victims of the Rana Plaza garments factory tragedy stage a hunger strike on its 10th anniversary at the site where the building once stood in Savar on the outskirts of Dhaka on Monday. — AFP

Published: Mon 24 Apr 2023, 2:15 PM

Last updated: Mon 24 Apr 2023, 2:16 PM

Hundreds of workers in Bangladesh shouted slogans for justice and survivors wept at the ruins of a factory that made clothes for Western shoppers and collapsed 10 years ago killing more than 1,130 people.

The Rana Plaza tragedy on April 24, 2013 was one of the world's worst industrial disasters, highlighting the global fashion industry's reliance on factories in developing countries where working conditions are often poor.


Early on Monday morning, survivors including some who lost limbs or were disabled placed wreaths at a memorial at the site of the former nine-storey Rana Plaza complex that made products for brands like Mango and Primark.

"Ten years have passed, but what happened to the killers?" the workers shouted as they slowly walked to the memorial in the industrial town of Savar outside the capital Dhaka.


"It is a scandal that 10 years have passed and yet the garment factory owners and the factory building owner have not been punished for the murders of 1,138 workers," Nilofa, a 32-year-old survivor, told AFP, as tears rolled down her cheeks.

"I barely got anything. My leg was crushed and I can't work in factories. My husband left me five years ago as he does not want to bear my medical expenses," she said.

Victims of the Rana Plaza garments factory tragedy take part in a protest on its 10th anniversary at the site where the building once stood in Savar on the outskirts of Dhaka on Monday. — AFP
Victims of the Rana Plaza garments factory tragedy take part in a protest on its 10th anniversary at the site where the building once stood in Savar on the outskirts of Dhaka on Monday. — AFP

Shila Akhter, 42, showed the brace she has to wear permanently after the disaster ruptured her spinal cord.

"We want full compensation and lifelong medical treatment as we've lost the ability to work," she said.

"The government should know what we have been going through. Some survivors are forced to beg on the streets."

Union leaders acknowledged improvements in fire and factory safety across the world's second-largest apparel exporter after China, with fewer deadly accidents in recent years.

But they slammed the government for the slow pace of legal proceedings, including against Sohel Rana, the Rana Plaza owner who is one of 38 people indicted for murder over the tragedy.

He allegedly forced employees to work despite a crack appearing in the building a day before the collapse. His trial resumed last year but prosecutors say a verdict may take years.

"Fewer than 10 per cent of the witnesses have been cross-examined," prosecutor Bimal Samadder told AFP.

Following the disaster, two watchdogs were set up to improve standards. Wages of the country's four million workers — mostly women — were also tripled.

Bangladesh garment factory owners, a powerful group as the sector accounts for around 84 percent of the country's exports, say they have invested some $2 billion to make their plants safe.

Laura Bourgeois at advocacy organisation Sherpa warned however of factory managers' potential to influence worker interviews during safety inspections and of "rigged" factory audits.


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