Hartono says she had to fight for every point to get past Watson as Tikhonova waltzed past Abduraimova in the second semifinal
Taxes might not create a hole in the pockets of well-to-do smokers but cost-conscious and lower middle income people certainly cut down on smoking post-taxes period, they said.
"Tax measures are an effective means to reduce demand for tobacco and they help countries reduce consumption to a moderate level. A 10 per cent raise in tax can lead to a reduction of three per cent tobacco consumption," said Anurag Chaturvedi, managing partner at Chartered House.
"We have seen a decrease in tobacco products in the UAE after the introduction of excise tax. Various studies cited that taxes may not result in completely quitting tobacco consumption, but it certainly has moderate reduction in consumption of these products," he added.
The UAE imposed 100 per cent excise tax on tobacco and tobacco products in October 1, 2017. From December 1, 2019, the Federal Tax Authority levied 100 per cent excise tax on all electronic smoking devices and equipment, as well as liquids used in e-cigarettes.
All tobacco products and equipment are also subject to five per cent value-added tax (VAT), in addition to excise, since January 1, 2018. After the introduction of excise and VAT, the UAE account for 73.54 per cent combined tax rate on the price of the most sold pack of cigarette brands.
Data showed that 10 countries with the highest taxes on tobacco products include Finland, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Mauritius, Brazil, France, Chile, New Zealand, Turkey and Montenegro.
Andre Daoud, CEO of Medcare Hospitals and Medical Centres, said many countries have intervened to decrease the prevalence of cigarette smoking and, most recently, the advent of vapes and e-cigarettes.
"Some of these interventions include advertising bans, smoking area restrictions, health awareness campaigns, and tax increases on cigarettes. Tobacco taxation has been recognised to be one of the very effective ways for decreasing smoking. The primary influence of cigarette taxes is to reduce the level of cigarette purchase and as a consequence of cigarette smoking," said Daoud.
He noted that youth below the age of 19 ought to be a critical focus for tobacco control policy. "Because most adult smokers start smoking at this early age, tax increases will help them reach adulthood without smoking, then the probability of smoking onset is greatly reduced," he added.
"People with deep pockets continue to smoke but budget-conscious smokers have certainly cut down or quit smoking altogether," he said.
"Even youngsters have cut down purchases of tobacco as they rely on their parents for pocket money. But older and financially capable smokers continue to smoke as it is affordable for them," Khan said.
Sharjah-resident Salman Shakil Sheikh also confirms that he now smokes less cigarette due to imposition of excise taxes on tobacco.
"Now, I have reduced smoking and also switched my brand which costs half of my previous brand. I smoke 80 per cent less than before because it has become costlier. Some people may not totally quit, but they certainly reduce smoking, especially cost-conscious people," he said.
Father of two daughters, Sheikh is a taekwondo specialist and runs training institutes in the UAE.
"I am seriously thinking of quitting smoking. As we all know, smokers cannot quit abruptly. It is a slow process because if people quit smoking abruptly, it affects them psychologically as they'll lose temperament quickly," he said.
- October 1, 2017: The UAE imposed 100 per cent excise tax on tobacco and tobacco products
-January 1, 2018: All tobacco products and equipment are also subject to five per cent value-added tax (VAT), in addition to excise
- December 1, 2019: The Federal Tax Authority levied 100 per cent excise tax on all electronic smoking devices and equipment, as well as liquids used in e-cigarettes
Bosnia and Herzegovina: 83.80%
New Zealand: 82.21%
Source: World Health Organisation
Funding for the Agriculture Innovation Mission for Climate comes from governments, companies, and non-governmental organisations
Through their work, they have displayed the beauty of the sea, desert and the heritage as well as its people and wildlife
48,780 people have also been wounded in the war, a spokesman said
Pentagon says 14,000 tank shells will be sold to Israel without Congressional review
The working hypothesis guiding the investigation was related to manslaughter charges, without any suspects identified
The anthem that features 13 artists was performed live during the closing session of the World Climate Action Summit
Palestinian president calls American position as aggressive and immoral after it vetoed a UN resolution calling for a ceasefire in the territory