Federal Tax Authority announces supplies subject to VAT

Federal Tax Authority announces supplies subject to VAT

Abu Dhabi - Also identifies supplies exempted from VAT

By Web Report

Published: Tue 5 Dec 2017, 4:30 PM

Last updated: Tue 5 Dec 2017, 7:54 PM

The Federal Tax Authority (FTA) has announced the list of supplies that will be subject to Value Added Tax (VAT) as of January 1, 2018, revealing selected sectors that will be assigned zero-rated tax, such as education, healthcare, oil and gas, transportation and real estate.

Select supplies in sectors such as transportation, real estate, financial services will be completely exempt from VAT, whereas certain government activities will be outside the scope of the tax system (and, therefore, not subject to tax). These include activities that are solely carried out by the government with no competition with the private sector, activities carried out by non-profit organisations.
The UAE Cabinet is expected to issue a decision to identify the government bodies and non-profit organisations that are not subject to VAT.
The below table outlines all supplies that will be subject to the 5% VAT, as well as zero-rated supplies and exempt supplies:

VAT treatment on select industries:

Private and public school education (excluding higher education) and related goods and services provided by education institution 0%
Higher education provided by institution owned by government or 50% funded by government, and related goods and services 0%
Education provided by private higher educational institutions, and related goods and services 5%
 Nursery education and pre-school education 0%
 School uniforms 5%
 Stationery 5%
 Electronic equipment (tablets, laptops, etc.) 5%
 Renting of school grounds for events 5%
 After school activities for extra fee 5%
 After school activities supplied by teachers and not for extra charge0%
School trips where purpose is educational and within curriculum0%
School trips for recreation or not within curriculum5%


Preventive healthcare services including vaccinations 0%
Healthcare services aimed at treatment of humans including medical services and dental services0%
Other healthcare services that are not for treatment and are not preventive (e.g. elective, cosmetic, etc)5%
 Medicines and medical equipment as listed in Cabinet Decision 0%
 Medicines and medical equipment not listed in Cabinet Decision 5%
 Other medical supplies5%

Oil and Gas:

 Crude oil and natural gas 0%
 Other oil and gas products including petrol at the pump 5%


 Domestic passenger transportation (including flights within UAE)Exempt
International transportation of passengers and goods (including intra-GCC) 0%
Supply of a means of transport (air, sea and land) for the commercial transportation of goods and passengers (over 10 people) 0%
 Supply of goods and services relating to these means of transport and to the transportation of goods and passengers0%

Real Estate:

Sale and rent of commercial buildings (not residential buildings)5%
First sale/rent of residential building after completion of construction or conversion 0%
First sale of charitable building 0%
Sale/rent of residential buildings subsequent to first supply Exempt
Hotels, motels and serviced accommodation 5%
Bare land Exempt
Land (not bare land)  5%
UAE citizen building own home5% (recoverable)

Financial Services:

 Margin based products (products not having an explicit fee, commission, rebate, discount or similar)Exempt
Products with an explicit fee, commission, rebate, discount or similar 5%
Interest on forms of lending (including loans, credit cards, finance leasing)Exempt
Issue, allotment or transfer of an equity or debt securityExempt

Insurance and Re-insurance:

Insurance and reinsurance (including health, motor, property, etc) 5%
Life insurance and life reinsuranceExempt

Food and Beverages: 5% VAT rate

Telecommunications and electronic services:

Wired and wireless telecommunications and electronic services: 5% VAT rate

Telecommunications and electronic services:

 Sovereign activities which are not in competition with the private sector undertaken by designated government bodies Considered outside VAT system 
 Activities that are not sovereign or are in competition with the private sectorVAT rate dependent on good/service ignoring provider

Not for Profit Organizations:

Activities of foreign governments, international organisations, diplomatic bodies and missions acting as such (if not in business in the UAE)Considered outside VAT system
Charitable activities undertaken by societies and associations of public welfare which are listed by Cabinet DecisionConsidered outside VAT system 
Activities of other not for profit organizations (not listed in Cabinet Decision) which are not business activitiesConsidered outside VAT system
Business activities undertaken by the above organizationsVAT rate dependent on good/service ignoring provider

Free zones:

Supplies of goods between businesses in designated zonesConsidered outside VAT system
Supplies of services between businesses in designated zonesVAT rate dependent on service ignoring location 
Supplies of goods and services in non-designated zones  VAT rate dependent on good/service ignoring location
Supplies of goods and services from mainland to designated zones or designated zones to mainlandVAT rate dependent on good/service ignoring location


Export of goods and services to outside the GCC implementing states 0%
Activities undertaken by employees in the course of their employment, including salariesConsidered outside VAT system
Supplies between members of a single tax groupConsidered outside VAT system
Any supplies of services or goods not mentioned above (includes any items sold in the UAE or service provided)5%
Second hand goods (e.g. used cars sold by retailers), antiques and collectors' items 5% of the profit margin

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