The preliminary order affects the iPhone 6S through the iPhone X sold with older versions of Apple's iOS operating system.
Qualcomm, the biggest supplier of chips for mobile phones, initially filed its case in China in late 2017.
In a statement, Apple said its iPhones remain on sale in the country, with newer software.
The ruling came from the Fuzhou Intermediate People's Court in China, the same court that earlier this year banned the import of some of memory chip maker Micron Technology Inc's chips into China.
The court found Apple violated 2 of Qualcomm's software patents around resizing photographs and managing applications on a touch screen.
"Apple continues to benefit from our intellectual property while refusing to compensate us," Don Rosenberg, general counsel of Qualcomm, said in a statement.
Apple shares fell 2 per cent in premarket trading.
Because the patents concern software, Apple could make changes to its software to avoid the patents and still be able to sell its phones.
In a statement, Apple said that all iPhone models remain available for its customers in China. New iPhones use Apple's latest version of its mobile operating system, iOS 12. - Reuters
AI-powered customer service can significantly enhance business processes
Pakistan have never won a Test series in the 12 times they have toured down under
She was the first woman composer of All India Radio from South India
The king is scheduled to deliver the opening speech at the World Climate Summit on Friday