North Korean crisis, event risk and global equities
US equities now face the very real prospect of profit taking amid a spasm global risk aversion.
By Matein Khalid Market View
Published: Sun 13 Aug 2017, 3:00 PM
Last updated: Sun 13 Aug 2017, 5:42 PM
The old stock exchange cliché goes "markets go up like an escalator, go down like an unhinged elevator". The world learnt this lesson the hard way as geopolitical tensions between the US and North Korea escalated to nuclear brinkmanship. Trump's "fire and fury" bombast and Kim Jong-un's threat to order a missile attack on Guam unnerved Wall Street/global equities and triggered safe haven flows into gold, the Japanese yen, Swiss franc and US Treasury notes. While the financial markets are not exactly priced for nuclear Armageddon, the Volatility Index has surged from 10 to 17 in a mere week and the S&P index tanked the most in a single session on August 10 since May 17. After a 20 per cent rally since the November election, US equities now face the very real prospect of profit taking amid a spasm global risk aversion.
While US President Donald Trump issued fresh warnings to North Korea, the Pentagon and Secretary of State Tillerson reassured the American people that war was not imminent. However, the spike in the volatility Index means a geopolitical risk premium will now be incorporated into global equities, notably in high beta sectors such as technology, banking and the Asian stock markets - South Korea, Taiwan, Hong Kong, China and Japan. It is also significant that the S&P 500 index closed on Friday at 2,441, well below its 50 day moving average at 2,448. The June/July summer grind higher is now unquestionably over.
Jeff Gundlach's prediction that Wall Street will see a 3-5 per cent correction while the Volatility Index will move from 10 to 20 makes strategic sense. Trump's unpredictable nature and reckless rhetoric has amplified geopolitical risk but the financial markets do not price in the risk of a war that can be catastrophe for not only the Kim dynastic dictatorship in Pyongyang but also for South Korea, Japan and the global economy. The bull market survived the terrorist outrages in Europe, the Syrian civil war, Ukraine and the Russian invasion of Crimea. It will survive the latest spat with North Korea, especially if China enforces the embargo and forces the Kim regime to restrain its nuclear threats.
The SPX had spent 58 trading days without a 1 per cent up or 1 per cent down day even as US equities were overpriced at 19 times earnings, though EPS growth in the index can well be in the 11-12 per cent range.
Apart from North Korea, global equities face risk events as diverse as Russiagate, the worsening relations between the Trump White House and the Republican Senate, minimal prospects for tax reforms and a German election that will be a referendum on Chancellor Angela Merkel's pro-Europe, pro-refugee policies. This means political risk will be a sword of Damocles on US equities this autumn. Yet Fed policy, earnings growth and credit spreads tell me that the optimum strategy is still "buy on dips". This will be a 5 per cent hit to the US indices - the German DAX is down 7 per cent from its peak, not a panic driven bear market.
The Greek/Cypriot sovereign debt crisis and China's mini-devaluation of the yuan caused an immediate, draconian impact on global equities because they were financial, not geopolitical events. In fact, the US invasion of Baathist Iraq in March 2003 and the subsequent insurgency/sectarian civil war was Washington's most traumatic geopolitical event since the 1991 Gulf War. Yet the volatility index peaked the moment Baghdad fell to General Tommy Frank's troops and US equities entered a bull market for the next four years (2003-07), despite the awful geopolitics in Iraq. The eruption of the Arab Spring unrest in early 2011, let alone the wars in Syria or Ukraine, had no real impact on financial markets. The collapse of Lehman Brothers triggered the global bear market in 2008-09, not war in the Middle East, Crimea or Korea.
Ironically, the real impact of the North Korean crisis may come if it compels the Fed and the ECB to delay a planned "taper" of their balance sheet. The surge in the yen above 108 is a threat to Abenomics and could well force the Kuroda Bank of Japan into another "shock and awe" monetary easing. This means a stronger US dollar, a lower euro/yen and outperformance in Japanese and German equities.
Raytheon (symbol RTN) is the world's preeminent vendor of advanced anti-ballistic missile systems. As geopolitical event risk surges, so will Pentagon's defence budgets and arm sales to Washington's allies in the Pacific Rim, Central Europe and the Arab world. As Japan deploys Raytheon's Patriot anti-missile systems, its share price can well rise to all-time highs above $180.