Rs2 trillion stimulus revives Pakistan economy

Muzaffar Rizvi/Dubai
Filed on May 14, 2021

Pakistan’s positive economic indicators set the direction for a ‘sustainable high growth’ in future

Pakistan economy is on solid growth path and has potential to grow at much higher rate in next five years despite a challenging environment across the globe, experts say.

Top government officials, analysts and corporate leaders repose trust in growing economy and said higher GDP growth in 5-6 per cent per annum is going to be a ‘new normal’ in next five years amid considering strong economic indicators of the country.

“Yes, we have a potential to grow at much higher rate in coming years. The State Bank of Pakistan projects three per cent GDP growth in financial year 2020-21 and four per cent in 2021-22,” Dr Reza Baqir, governor, State Bank of Pakistan, told Khaleej Times during an event in Dubai last week.

Newly-appointed Finance Minister Shaukat Tarin said Pakistan will go for an ambitious six per cent economic growth target in the next two years as the International Monetary Fund (IMF) shows its willingness to renegotiate tough conditions for a $6 billion loan in the wake of rising Covid-19 cases.

“The federal government will earmark as much as Rs900 billion ($6 billion) for development expenditure in the year beginning July. That’s the bare minimum we need for a country this size,” Tarin said.

Climbing the charts

The IMF has projected four per cent GDP growth for Pakistan during fiscal year 2021-22 starting in July. Islamabad is expected to post 1.5 per cent expansion during the current fiscal year ending on June 30 after a rare contraction (-0.4 per cent) last year.

“We have strong economic indicators this year despite the Covid-19 pandemic challenges and this is a good omen for the economy. The government ensures more than Rs2 trillion stimulus to steer the economy out of Covid crisis by supporting the businesses through much-needed liquidity and funds distribution at grass root level,” Dr Baqir said.

Elaborating, the central bank governor said SBP offered Rs450 billion liquidity under Temporary Economic Refinance Facility to private sector to absorb Covid shock while another Rs240 billion provided as working capital to avoid lay-off and job losses.

“The central bank also offered Rs900 billion cushion to banks to ensure relief to distress businesses in deferment and restructuring of principal payment and mark-up charges. These are some of the measures which helped the economy to bounce back quickly to meet global demand after the lockdown period,” Dr Baqir said.

Referring to rising foreign exchange reserves, orderly rupee-dollar parity, improving current account balance and other economic indicators such as large-scale manufacturing, cement, automobiles and fast-moving consumer goods, the SBP governor said economy is moving in right direction and will perform better in coming years.

“Pakistan is one of the few countries that reduced fiscal deficit despite the Covid challenge and global economic slowdown by reprioritising spending. The country’s public debt to GDP ratio has remained broadly stable last year while it has risen for most emerging markets due to Covid; this has improved the country’s creditworthiness,” he said.

Rupee-dollar parity

The governor said the market-based exchange rate system determines the rupee-dollar parity which stands at around Rs153 today after hitting an all-time high of 168 last year.

“And close to $16 billion foreign exchange reserves raised through an improving current account, initiatives such as the Pakistan Remittance Initiative and Roshan Digital Account that is actually providing a solid base for a ‘sustainable economic turnaround’ of the country,” he said.

About the challenges ahead, Dr Baqir said it is key to address poverty alleviation and high food inflation to bring real change in the economy.

“The government accords top priority to address these serious challenges through administrative measures to improve goods supply chain system,” he said.

Reforms taking hold

Irfan Mustafa, who co-hosted the event with Mr Imran Choudhry, praised the eloquent and persuasive presentation by the central bank governor that further increased the confidence and optimism of the community that the reforms being undertaken by the government are taking hold and showing clear signs of a turnaround of Pakistan’s economy.

Mustafa, an entrepreneur and senior global executive, further opined that "we have the resources and the potential to grow our economy" on high single digits in years to come to lift millions out of poverty and become a regional economic power.

"We as overseas Pakistanis are contributing whole heartedly towards this goal," he said.

The Dubai-based leading Pakistani businessman Imran Chaudhry also reposed trust in bright future of the economy and said it is on the right track to perform better in coming years.

"Pakistan does have potential to achieve higher growth in next five years," he said.

High single-digit growth

Samiullah Tariq, head of research at Pakistan Kuwait Investment, said Pakistan economy should grow at much higher rates to realise true economic potential of the country.

“Pakistan is a nation of 220 million plus people and every year new earners are now coming into the main stream. Renewable energy is providing everyone a sustainable and cheap energy making lives easier and production cheaper,” Tariq told Khaleej Times.

“IT, e-commerce, internet and cellular sectors have huge potential to drive economy into fast lane and achieve much higher GDP growth in next five years. High signle-digit growth is going to be a new normal in years to come,” he said.


Rs2T+ stimulus at a glance

> Rs450 billion liquidity offered under Temporary Economic Refinance Facility

> Rs240 billion provided as working capital to avoid lay-off and job losses

> Rs900 billion cushion given to banks to ensure relief to distress businesses in deferment and restructuring of principal payment and mark-up charges

GDP growth on the rise

Fiscal year Growth (%)

2019-20 -0.4

2020-21 3.0

2021-22 4.0

2022-23 6.0

Sectors to drive growth

• IT

• E-commerce

• Internet and cellular

• Automobiles

• Large-scale manufacturing

Sources: State Bank of Pakistan, IMF and KT Research

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