Move to monitor vehicle pollution

ABU DHABI — The Environment Authority - Abu Dhabi (EAD) is working to develop the mechanical checking units in the country in order to protect public from lung diseases caused by motor exhaust emissions, a senior official at EAD said.

By Adel Arafah & Ahmed Abdul Aziz (Our staff reporters)

Published: Sun 29 Jun 2008, 12:55 AM

Last updated: Wed 8 Apr 2015, 1:26 PM

The Secretary-General of EAD, Majed Al Mansouri, told Khaleej Times yesterday that the authority had started coordination with the Traffic and Patrols Department in the Ministry of Interior and the National Transportation Authority to develop the mechanical checking units to ensure that all the light vehicles on the roads meet the safety standards.

The move came after an EAD report assured that carbon monoxide and nitrogen oxides are the main air pollutants released by motor vehicles. Car exhaust emissions contain these gases, which are formed by incomplete burning of fuel in the engine. Carbon monoxide is a colourless, odourless gas. It is formed when substances containing carbon are burned with an insufficient supply of air.

These gases have serious health impacts on humans and animals. When inhaled, the carbon monoxide bonds with the haemoglobin in the blood (and becomes carboxyhaemoglobin) in place of oxygen and is carried through the blood stream.

The report showed that the emissions reduce the oxygen-carrying capacity of the red blood cells and decrease the supply of oxygen to tissues and organs, especially the heart and brain. This can be a serious problem for people with respiratory diseases, cardiovascular disease and might even cause some types of cancer.

Al Mansouri stressed on the importance of the decision issued by the Services Ministerial Council, which calls for reducing carbon monoxide gases from 3.5 per cent to 2.5 per cent by year 2010.

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