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Gaddafi vows to fight as opposition closes in

Filed on February 26, 2011

TRIPOLI - Muammar Gaddafi vowed to “crush any enemy” on Friday, addressing supporters in central Tripoli as Libya’s popular uprising closed in around him and Western powers set about punishing him for attacks on his own people.

“We will fight if they want,” the 68-year-old leader declared after a day of clashes in parts of the capital between security forces and crowds of protesters, which Gaddafi’s opponents said had left some districts in their hands.

With eastern Libya firmly under opposition control after a week of unrest, protesters held the centre of Zawiyah, west of the capital, a witness said, and laid makeshift defences to fend off government forces after successive fierce attacks.

Gaddafi’s son Saif Al Islam, talking to foreign journalists flown to Tripoli under escort, acknowledged his forces had “a problem” there and in the city of Misrata, 200 km (120 miles) east of Tripoli. But everywhere else was calm, he said, and talk of state brutality merely “lies” put about by hostile media.

Residents of the capital took a different view. “There have been gunshots non-stop,” one woman said, who spoke of a friend seeing people shot down by security forces in the Souk al-Jumaa neighbourhood. “She saw them shoot straight at the protesters.”

The United States, which in recent years had a rapprochement with Gaddafi, was preparing sanctions and would not rule out military action. “His legitimacy has been reduced to zero in the eyes of his people,” said President Barack Obama’s spokesman.

The UN Security Council also drafted possible sanctions including an arms embargo, travel bans and freezing top officials’ assets, and threatened the Libyan leadership with indictments for crimes against humanity.

Gaddafi’s own people seemed close to forcing him from power, although it is hard to assess the relative strengths of forces, which include irregular, tribal loyalists and militias backing Gaddafi and regular army units now gone over to the rebels.


Other towns were reported by residents to have fallen to the opposition, although Gaddafi retained the defiance he has often displayed against the West over more than four decades.

“Get ready to fight for Libya, get ready to fight for dignity, get ready to fight for petroleum!” he urged the crowd of thousands in Tripoli’s central Green Square, threatening to open military arsenals to his supporters and tribesmen.

“We can crush any enemy. We can crush it with the people’s will,” he said, shouting and waving his fists.

Residents said parts of Tripoli, apparently the last major stronghold of the man who took over Libya as a young colonel in a 1969 military coup, were already beyond his control.

“I think Tripoli is in uprising,” said one man in the city centre. “When you go to Green Square you find it full of Gaddafi supporters. In the other areas, they went out after Friday prayers and they are demonstrating against Gaddafi.”

“In some areas it was contained and in some other areas they are ... firing in the air to try to disperse them.”

Al Jazeera television said two people had been killed and several wounded by government forces in heavy shooting in several districts. Another channel, Al Arabiya, said seven people had been killed. Movement for journalists was restricted.

A former ally of Gaddafi has said he would go down “like Hitler” after World War Two rather than surrender.

UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Navi Pillay said “thousands” may have been killed or injured by Gaddafi’s forces in the uprising, and called for international intervention to protect civilians. One Libyan medical charity was quoted by Al Arabiya as saying 2,000 had died in Benghazi alone.

Rebel control

Gaddafi’s son Saif Al Islam said government forces were holding back in Zawiyah and Misrata, and hoped to negotiate a peaceful outcome with the “terrorists” by Saturday, though that hope was hard to reconcile with reports from the city.

He said earlier his family had no intention of leaving.

“We have plans A, B and C. Plan A is to live and die in Libya. Plan B is to live and die in Libya. Plan C is to live and die in Libya,” he told Turkey’s CNN Turk television.

The World Food Programme said accounts from people fleeing the violence indicated shortages of food, fuel and medical supplies, exacerbated by port closures.

Libya’s Ambassador to the UN Abdurrahman Shalgam, who defected this week, said the ruling family had thrown down the gauntlet. “Muammar Gaddafi and his sons are telling Libyans ‘we either rule you or kill you’” he told Al Jazeera.

Oil facilities

Prosecutor-general Abdul-Rahman Al Abbar became the latest senior official to resign, and told al Arabiya he was joining the opposition. Libya’s delegations to the Arab League and the United Nations in Geneva also switched sides.

State television said the government was raising wages and food subsidies and ordering special allowances for all families, a late bid to enrol the support of Libya’s 6 million citizens.

In the east, ad hoc committees of lawyers, doctors, tribal elders and soldiers appeared to be filling the vacuum left by Gaddafi’s government with some success.

Instead, in Benghazi, the “Feb 17. coalition” was cleaning up, providing food, building defences, reassuring foreign oil firms and saying it believed in a united Libya.

Army and police in the eastern city of Adjabiya told Al Jazeera they had gone over to the rebels and a man back from the Western Mountains, some 150 km (90 miles) southwest of Tripoli, said three towns there had shrugged off central control.

Libya supplies 2 percent of the world’s oil, the bulk of it from wells and supply terminals in the east. Abdessalam Najib, a petroleum engineer at the Libyan company Agico and a member of the opposition Feb. 17 coalition, said the rebels controlled nearly all oilfields east of Ras Lanuf.

But industry sources said that crude oil shipments from Libya, the world’s 12th-largest exporter, had all but stopped because of reduced production, a lack of staff at ports and security concerns. A company source at Ras Lanuf said operations there had shut down.

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