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Syria rebels kill 78 soldiers

(AP) / 2 November 2012

Syrian rebels killed 78 soldiers, about half of them in attacks on military checkpoints in the north just hours after a wave of bombings hit the Damascus area, activists said.

The unusually high toll for regime forces came after days of intense air bombardment of rebel positions around the country that killed hundreds more.

Anti-regime activists say President Bashar Assad’s regime has been making even heavier use than before of airstrikes to try to win back territory rebels have captured, including the strategic northern city of Maaret Al Numan

Rebel fighters forced troops to pull back from their last position in the Saraqeb area where the main highways to Aleppo from Damascus and from the Mediterranean coast meet, the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said.

The rebels now control an area extending 25 kilometres (15 miles) in all directions from the town, the Britain-based watchdog said.

“The army has withdrawn from its last checkpoint in the Saraqeb area,” Observatory director Rami Abdel Rahman said.

On Thursday, the army had already lost control of all but three checkpoints in the area.

The rebels killed at least 28 soldiers during its offensive in the area, the Observatory said. Video footage that appeared to show some soldiers being summarily executed drew condemnation from international human rights groups.

The rebels had already seized the town of Maaret Al Numan, further south on the Damascus-Aleppo highway, on October 8, in a first blow to the government’s ability to resupply its troops in the northern metropolis where fierce fighting has raged since July 20.

Army shelling of rebel-held neighbourhoods of Aleppo killed a young girl early on Friday, the Observatory said.

The watchdog, which bases its reports on a network of activists, lawyers and medics at military and civilian hospitals inside Syria, says more than 36,000 people have been killed since the uprising against President Bashar Al Assad’s rule broke out in March last year.

on a key supply route from the capital Damascus to the commercial hub of Aleppo. Rebels have been using the city as a base to disrupt government supplies to Aleppo, a key front in the civil war.

After many rounds of failed diplomatic efforts to ease the Syrian crisis, the US is making a push to unite the opposition, which is dominated by exiles widely seen as ineffective and out of touch with rebel fighters on the ground.

Ahead of a crucial opposition conference in Qatar next week, US Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton called Wednesday for a major leadership overhaul. She suggested Washington would handpick more representative leaders, including those fighting the regime.

The Obama administration and the main opposition group in exile, the Syrian National Council, have become increasingly critical of each other. The SNC says the Obama administration, unwilling to intervene militarily or arm the rebels, has failed to chart a path forward.

Clinton’s harsh public criticism of the SNC came after months of fruitless attempt to cajole the group to broaden its base, said two US officials, speaking on condition of anonymity because they were not authorized to discuss the plan.

At the same time, Assad ally China is proposing a phased-in cease-fire and negotiations on a gradual political transition to end the bloodshed. China stopped short of calling for Assad’s ouster and did not say how it would enforce compliance. Alongside Russia, China has steadfastly blocked any outside intervention that could force Assad from power.

A total of 182 people were killed on Thursday, according to the Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights. Of those, 104 were civilians and rebel fighters and 78 were soldiers.

The rebels killed 37 soldiers in attacks on three military checkpoints near the town of Saraqeb, said the Observatory.

The Syrian regime rarely comments on the deaths of soldiers, and there was no official confirmation of the particularly high toll among troops for the day.

The rebels fighting to topple Assad have complained they are outgunned by the military. Daily death tolls of 150 or more have now become commonplace.

Activists say the relentless fighting has killed more than 36,000 people since the uprising against Assad’s regime began 19 months ago.

On Wednesday, much of the violence focused on the rebellious suburbs of the capital Damascus and in Aleppo.

Three bombs in Al-Mazzeh district late Wednesday night targeted a mosque, a sports club and a shop, state-run news agency SANA said. One person was killed in the explosion near the district’s Al-Houda mosque, and two were wounded, the agency reported Thursday. Six people, including a child, were injured in the two other explosions, according to the report.

The government blamed rebels.

Witnesses to Wednesday’s blast said the assailants picked random spots to detonate explosives and stoke panic among residents.

Another resident in the area where the explosions occurred said security must have been compromised as the district is patrolled by troops.



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