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Main events in Israel-Palestinian conflict since 1991

(AFP) / 23 September 2011

UNITED NATIONS — The Palestinians are Friday set to submit to the United Nations an application for membership for their state along the 1967 borders, a move vehemently opposed by both Israel and Washington.

Here is a timeline of key events in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict over the last two decades:


·         Nov 1: The Madrid Peace Conference sets a framework for the peace process. 


·         Sept 13: Israel and the PLO sign Declaration of Principles on autonomy after months of secret negotiations in Oslo.


·         May 4: Israeli prime minister Yitzhak Rabin and Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat sign the autonomy accord in Cairo.

·         July 1: Arafat returns from a decade in exile in Tunisia to establish the Palestinian Authority, which was to oversee the road to statehood. 


·         Nov 4: Rabin is assassinated by a Jewish extremist. 


·         July 11-25: US president Bill Clinton hosts talks with Arafat and Israeli premier Ehud Barak at Camp David that collapse over the issues of Jerusalem and Palestinian refugees.

·         September: Eruption of the second Palestinian intifada, or uprising, against the Israeli occupation.


·         June 4: Launch of the Middle East “roadmap” for the creation of a Palestinian state by 2005 at a summit in Jordan with US president George W. Bush, Israeli premier Ariel Sharon and his Palestinian counterpart, Mahmud Abbas. 


·         Nov 11: Death of Arafat. 


·         Feb 2: Sharon and Abbas — now Palestinian president — meet in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt, and declare an end to hostilities.

·         August: Israel carries out its unilateral disengagement plan, withdrawing all its settlers and soldiers from the Gaza Strip.


·         Nov 27: Abbas and Israeli premier Ehud Olmert formally restart negotiations at Annapolis, Maryland.



·         Dec 27: Israel begins a devastating 22-day military offensive in the Gaza Strip, prompting the Palestinians to suspend talks. 


·         May 9: Indirect talks start.

·         Sept 2: US President Barack Obama launches direct talks at a White House summit with Abbas and Israeli premier Benjamin Netanyahu.

·         Sept 28: A partial freeze of West Bank settlement building expires, leading to the collapse of direct talks.

·         November: Palestinian officials begin talking publicly about seeking UN membership for a Palestinian state on the lines that existed before the 1967 Six Day War incorporating the West Bank, Gaza Strip and east Jerusalem. 


·         March 20: Palestinian negotiator Saeb Erakat says seeking UN membership for a Palestinian state is the official strategy although no date is set.

·         Sept 21: Obama insists at the UN General Assembly that only negotiations can lead to a Palestinian state.



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