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World leaders tell Gaddafi to quit
(Agencies) / 28 February 2011
BENGHAZI - Libyan protest leaders established a transitional “national council” on Sunday in cities seized from Muammar Gaddafi, as world leaders called on him to quit and protesters closed in on Tripoli.
The chaos engulfing the oil-rich North African state of 6.3 million has fanned fears that Gaddafi’s hold on power could descend into civil war as the United Nations said nearly 100,000 people have streamed out of the country.
The UN Security Council imposed a travel and assets ban on Gaddafi’s regime and ordered an investigation into possible crimes against humanity by the Libyan leader, the first time such a decision has been made unanimously.
In Washington, US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton said the United States was prepared to offer “any kind of assistance” to Libyans seeking to overthrow Gaddafi.
On Saturday, former justice Mustafa Abdel Jalil, who quit Gaddafi’s regime six days ago, told Al Jazeera television that a transitional government would be formed to lead the country before an election.
On Sunday, a spokesman announced the creation of a transitional “national council” in cities seized from Gaddafi’s forces. “The creation of a national council has been announced in all freed cities of Libya,” Abdel Hafiz Ghoqa told a Benghazi news conference.
The council is the “face of Libya in the transitional period,” he said, adding that consultations were under way on the new body’s composition and duties.
“The people of Libya will liberate their cities,” Ghoqa said. “We are counting on the army to liberate Tripoli.”
Gaddafi’s crumbling regime now controls only western areas around the capital and a few long-time bastions in the arid south, reporters and witnesses say.
Regime opponents appeared to control the city of Az-Zawiyah, just 50 kilometres west of Tripoli, where thousands took to the streets to denounce the teetering leader in front of journalists on a guided visit.
Az-Zawiyah, a middle-class satellite town on the Mediterranean that houses a number of pro-Gaddafi officers, also hosts Libya’s largest oil refinery.
Witnesses said the journalists were welcomed by thousands of demonstrators, shouting “Down with the regime, we want freedom.” Some were armed and fired into the air.
No Libyan security services were visible, but Az-Zawiyah saw clashes between regime supporters and opponents last Thursday, in which a human rights group said more than 35 people were killed.
Fears of all-out conflict as diehard loyalists mount a desperate rearguard action prompted countries to evacuate tens of thousands of citizens and close embassies.
US President Barack Obama said Gaddafi needs to “leave now,” having lost the legitimacy to rule, in a call echoed by leaders in Britain, Germany and Italy.
“The time has long come for him to leave,” German Chancellor Angela Merkel said, calling a UN Security Council decision against his regime a signal to all “despots.”
Italian Foreign Minister Franco Frattini said Gaddafi’s downfall was just a question of time. “It’s inevitable that this will happen... I think we are at a point of no return,” he said.
Britain revoked Gaddafi’s diplomatic immunity and Foreign Secretary William Hague said his departure would be the “best hope” for Libya.
Residents of Tripoli said banks were open but bread and petrol remained tightly rationed as the rebel grip on large swathes of the vast desert nation played havoc with the distribution of goods.
The authorities sent text messages urging families to accept an offer, announced by state television on Friday, of a 400-dollar handout for every family.
“This is only for Tripoli, they are trying to bribe the people,” one resident said.
Tanks and all-terrain vehicles driven by regime partisans were patrolling almost deserted neighbourhoods around the capital, residents said.
“This escape of mine makes me feel I am in heaven,” said Mohammed Sali, 63, an engineer in the first batch of Indian evacuees to return home.
“One man came and put a knife on my neck. He took all my belongings — laptop, chain, even my car.”
Gaddafi’s son Saif Al Islam, once regarded as a reformist possible heir, said the crisis had “opened the doors to a civil war” and denied his family had secreted billions of dollars abroad.
“We are a very modest family and everybody knows that,” he told ABC television’s “This Week,” scornfully dismissing the UN assets freeze.
He also denied that military force had been used against protesters, and dismissed claims that support for the regime was eroding.
The UN Security Council also voted to order an investigation into possible crimes against humanity by the Libyan regime, as well as an arms embargo, and travel bans against Gaddafi and his family and inner circle.
The resolution cited “gross and systematic violation of human rights, including the repression of peaceful demonstrators” and incitement to hostility and violence “from the highest levels of the Libyan government”.
The United Nations says that more than 1,000 people have been killed in the crackdown by Gaddafi loyalists.
The Security Council said it was referring the bloodshed to the International Criminal Court because “the widespread and systematic attacks” in Libya against civilians “may amount to crimes against humanity.”
Libya’s foreign legion of domestic helpers, construction workers and oil executives were among thousands scrambling out by air, land and sea.
The UN refugee agency said on Sunday that a “humanitarian emergency” was under way.
The UNHCR said almost 100,000 migrant workers, mostly from Egypt and Tunisia, have fled Libya in the past week and many remain stranded at the Libya-Tunisia border as Libyan customs officers deserted their posts.
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